International shipping lines operate from the ports at Castries and Vieux Fort. Because it switched so often between British and French control, Saint Lucia was also known as the "Helen of the West Indies" after the Greek mythological character, Helen of Troy. In January 1791, during the French Revolution, the National Assembly sent four commissaires to St Lucia to spread their revolutionary philosophy.
The dacitic domes of Petit Piton (109 kya) and Gros Piton (71 kya) were then extruded onto the depression floor accompanied by the Anse John (104 kya) and La Pointe (59.8 kya) pyroclastic flows. Despite a high emigration rate, the population is growing rapidly at about 1.2% per year.  As of 1 September 2016, the status of the agreement is listed as "in force". The British stopped the import of slaves by anyone, white or coloured, when they abolished the slave trade in 1807. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A short time later the British invaded the island as a part of the war with France that had recently broken out. In May 2007, St. Lucia established diplomatic relations with Taiwan, ending a 10-year relationship with the People's Republic of China.  Police attempts to curb crime were criticised in 2015 when it emerged that several suspects had been unlawfully shot by police and the circumstances of their deaths covered up.
The mean temperature is about 80 °F (27 °C), with highs sometimes ranging into the upper 80s (31 °C) and lows into the upper 60s (20 °C). Saint Lucia …
"Members of the House of Assembly", Government of St. Lucia, 2008, stlucia.gov.lc (see below: Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). Christopher Columbus may have sighted the island during his fourth voyage in 1502, since he made landfall on Martinique, yet he does not mention the island in his log. "The Saint Lucia Constitution" (1978-December-20 effective The capital and major port is Castries. Other crops are coconuts, cacao, citrus and other fruit, spices, cassava, and yams. The United Nations categorizes Saint Lucia as a Small Island Developing State, a designation similar to a developing country with a few substantial differences due to Saint Lucia's island nature. During this period, they worked for their former masters for at least three-quarters of the work week. Saint Lucia reported a population of 165,595 in the 2010 national census. }, Page last modified:  As of January 2018, Cosmos Richardson, who presented his credentials on 22 February 2017, was Saint Lucia's representative to the United Nations. One of the secondary languages is Saint Lucian French Creole or Kwéyòl, spoken by almost all of the population..  It is one of two countries in the world named after a woman (Ireland is named after the Celtic goddess of fertility Eire) and the only country named after a historical woman.
Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, Learn how and when to remove this template message, American International Medical University, International American University − College of Medicine, Middle States Commission on Higher Education, Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people living in Saint Lucia, UN declaration on sexual orientation and gender identity, List of colonial governors and administrators of Saint Lucia, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/st.html, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1978/1901/made, "St. Lucia Premier Quits Over a Series of Strikes", "St Lucia PM remains in New York hospital after stroke", "Labor Party chief St. Lucia's new prime minister", "Allen Chastanet sworn in new St Lucia PM", Permanent Mission of Saint Lucia to the United Nations. However, with the US, Canada, and Europe in recession, tourism declined by double digits in early 2009. Migration from Saint Lucia is primarily to Anglophone countries, with the United Kingdom having almost 10,000 Saint Lucian-born citizens, and over 30,000 of Saint Lucian heritage. Its economic importance is expected to continue to increase as the market for bananas have become more competitive. Average annual rainfall ranges from 51 inches (1,295 mm) on the coast to as much as 150 inches (3,810 mm) in the interior. 19-07-2017 18:55:26 ZULU. Elizabeth II is Queen of Saint Lucia, represented on the island by a governor-general.
 The countries whose representatives signed the treaties in Barbados were Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Grenada, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago..
It is the second largest of the Windward group in the Lesser Antilles and is located about 24 miles south of Martinique and some 21 miles northeast of Saint Vincent. There are a number of small islands off the coast, the largest of which are the Maria Islands in the south-east. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Saint Lucia tends to be popular due to its tropical weather and scenery and its beaches and resorts.
These bakes can be served with different sides, such as saltfish which is either sautéed or lightly fried along with red, green peppers, onions, and seasoned well. In the late 1550s, the French pirate François le Clerc (known as Jambe de Bois, due to his wooden leg) set up a camp on Pigeon Island, from where he attacked passing Spanish ships.  Water was shot on the island, as were parts of Firepower. An educated workforce and improvements in roads, communications, water supply, sewerage, and port facilities have attracted foreign investment in tourism and in petroleum storage and transshipment. The country’s educated labor force, improved infrastructure, water supply, and the availability of port facilities have attracted foreign investment, especially in tourism and petroleum sectors.
He brought 1,000 men to defend it from the French, but after two years, only 89 survived with the rest dying mostly due to disease. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription.
There is also an ATM, Domino's Pizza outlet, & a cafe [Rituals Coffee Shop] near the Cinema.
, In 1664, Thomas Warner (son of Sir Thomas Warner, the governor of St Kitts) claimed Saint Lucia for England. St. Lucia and the United States share interest in combating international crime and narcotics trafficking. There is also a technical college and a teacher-training college. Representative government came about in 1840 (universal suffrage was established in 1953).
It seeks to conduct its foreign policy chiefly through its membership in the OECS. In 1666, the French West India Company resumed control of the island, which in 1674 was made an official French crown colony as a dependency of Martinique. , Saint Lucia has no regular military force. One popular Saint Lucian dessert is the pastry called a turnover.  Sammy and George were recognised by the Saint Lucian government as Sportsman of the Year and Sportswoman of the Year respectively for 2004.. Saint Lucia, island state in the Caribbean Sea. Roti is typically served as a fast food meal: the bread itself is very flat (sometimes very thin) and is wrapped around curried vegetables such as chickpeas and potato, seafood such as shrimp and conch, or meats such as chicken, beef, goat, and liver. There is evidence to suggest that the Arawak called the island Iouanalao, meaning 'Land of the Iguanas', due to the island's high number of iguanas. It maintains friendly relations with the major powers active in the Caribbean, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and France. The Peace Corps, whose Eastern Caribbean regional headquarters is located in St. Lucia, has numerous volunteers located in St. Lucia, working primarily in business development, education, and health. The official language is English. Saint Lucia is a constitutional monarchy with the British monarch as head of state, represented by a governor-general.
 This Antillean Creole is used in literature and music, and is gaining official acknowledgement.
The United States maintains no diplomatic presence in St. Lucia. Such concerns were evident in the Compton government's desire to promote free trade and to attract foreign investment. St. Lucia's historical association with Britain dates back to the early nineteenth century and has significantly influenced the island's political and economic foreign policy. Monroe College, a private for-profit college and graduate school based in New York City, established a campus in Saint Lucia in 2007. Later, pyroclastic flows include pumice-rich Belfond and Anse Noir (20 kya). It covers a land area of 617 km (238 square miles) and reported a p…
Saint Lucia is a full and participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), and La Francophonie. Other major towns include Gros Islet, Soufrière, and Vieux Fort. Saint Lucia is a beneficiary of the Caribbean Basin Initiative, which aims to facilitate the economic development and export diversification of the Caribbean Basin economies by providing beneficiary countries with duty-free access to the U.S. market for most goods. In 2003, the government began a comprehensive restructuring of the economy, including elimination of price controls and privatization of the state banana company.. The main religion is Roman Catholicism, and Seventh-day Adventists and other Protestants are important minorities. In 1605, an English vessel called the Oliphe Blossome was blown off-course on its way to Guyana, and the 67 colonists started a settlement on Saint Lucia, after initially being welcomed by the Carib chief Anthonie. The United Workers Party, led by Allen Chastanet, won eleven of the seventeen seats..
Tourism is vital to Saint Lucia's economy. For sailing enthusiasts, the annual Atlantic Rally for Cruisers (ARC) race begins in the Canary Islands and ends in Saint Lucia. St. Lucia had, however, adopted ardent national positions on important international issues.
Other industries produce cardboard cartons, clothing, rum, tobacco products, coconut products, concrete blocks, and beer. About 61.5% of the population is Roman Catholic. , The first proven inhabitants were the Arawaks, though there may have been other native peoples prior to this. Compton pledged to boost the economy and tackle the rising crime rate. Saint Lucia lies in the path of the northeastern trade winds and has a tropical maritime climate. The islaid also supported a united Caricom position regarding extraregionl trade; St. Lucia actively pursued a policy of attracting foreign capital as a way of promoting economic development. Legend states French sailors were shipwrecked at St. Lucia on 13 December, the feast day of St. Lucy, naming the island in honor of Sainte Lucie. Emeritus Professor of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis. Uring went to the islands with a group of seven ships, and established settlement at Petit Carenage.
The biggest festival of the year is the Saint Lucia Jazz Festival.
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