Also called the European fan palm. These palms are fairly drought tolerant and many are grown in dry areas like Texas and New Mexico.  It was later named Trachycarpus fortunei, after him. Outdoors, grow this tree in any ordinary medium-moisture soil. These palms can also propagate from cuttings—just cut away some shoots and repot them, making sure to keep the cuttings out of direct sun as their roots develop. It is a somewhat variable plant, especially as regards its general appearance; and some specimens are to be seen with leaf segments having straight and others having drooping tips.
Small clusters of yellow flowers form in the spring and are followed by inconspicuous fruits. It is believed to originate in central China (Hubei southwards), southern Japan (Kyushu), south to northern Myanmar and northern India, growing at altitudes of 100–2,400 m (328–7,874 ft).
Well look no further than European fan palm, Chamaerops humilis. Commonly lower tolerance limits of −15 to −20 °C (5 to −4 °F) are cited for mature plants. Its texture is very rough, with the persistent leaf bases clasping the stem as layers of coarse fibrous material. It can be expected to live for 40 years or so. The fine-textured fronds make this palm stand out from other plants in the landscape. Maybe something multi-trunked and compact? They are however not salt tolerant.  Young plants are less hardy, and can be damaged by only −8 °C (18 °F).
This makes tracking its natural range difficult. An 8-2-12 palm fertilizer is best, and fertilization is even more important if it’s grown outside. The Chinese Fan Palm Tree, scientific name Livistonia chinensis, is getting very popular in Florida landscapes. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. European fan palm is a slow-growing, clumping palm that grows 8 to 15 feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide. Its palmate leaves can add a tropical look to your landscape in a variety of ways, perhaps for poolside ambiance or as a landscape accent piece.
If so, make sure not to damage the fragile roots during the transition to a larger pot. The species was brought from Japan (Dejima) to Europe by the German physician Philipp Franz von Siebold in 1830.
In the published literature on plant use and care, it is often lumped in with other fan palms, such as the European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) which it closely resembles. Looking for a cold-hardy palm? Unlike many other palms, the Chinese fan palm can tolerate cold and drought, making it a good outdoor palm for those who don’t live in the tropical heat most palms require. This is the only palm native to Europe and it is hardier than most palms. , Windmill palm is one of the hardiest palms. Over the last four decades as a palm nurseryman, it has not been unusual that I've had to convince people to try fan palms. In the appropriate subtropical climate, this tree can be planted at any time. These palms are quite tough and will survive lots of conditions. Though the palm does need some water, its watering can be scaled back once the growing season ends. fortunei. North Florida gardeners can rejoice at the hardiness of these palms which grow in zones 8 to 11. The biggest thing to remember about these palms is to fertilize them regularly, particularly during the growing season. Chinese Fan Palm: Christmas Palm: Chusan Palm: Coconut Palm: Edible Date Palm: European Fan Palm: Fishtail Palm: Foxtail Palm: Guadalupe Palm: Indian Date Palm: Majestic Palm: Montgomery Palm: Paurotis Palm: Pigmy Date Palm: Pindo or Jelly Palm: Queen Palm: Senegal Date Palm: Royal Palm: Mexican Palmetto: Dwarf Palmetto : Sabal Palm: Sylvester Palm: Tiger Palm: Triangle Palm: Washington Palm …
, Occasionally a male plant of T. fortunei, besides the usual spadices, produces a few other spadices carrying really hermaphroditic flowers. . This slow-growing palm will grow faster if regularly fertilized, which also will prevent it from developing a nutritional deficiency. However, it is not the northernmost naturally occurring palm in the world, as European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) grows further north in the Mediterranean. Physical Characteristics. Though native only to eastern Asia, these specimens have naturalized across the world because of their adaptability and toughness. Growing to 12–20 m (39–66 ft) tall, Trachycarpus fortunei is a single stemmed fan palm. Leaf color ranges from lovely light green to stunning silver. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Palm Trees for Transforming Your Yard Into Paradise. Indoors, the tree does best with lots of bright indirect light, but out of direct sunlight.  Individuals of the Trachycarpus fortunei Nainital subspecies have lived continuously outside since the early 2000s in Woodbury, Connecticut where some winters have reached −15 °F (−26 °C).
, Individuals belonging to a similar species, Trachycarpus takil, have survived a very harsh winter spell in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. These wide and attractive leaves can range from a deep green to bluish-green.
The Chinese fan palm is one of the few frost-resistant palm trees, and it can tolerate temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit.
Indoor plants should be fed once a month. The Mediterranean Palm – Chamaerops humilis. These palms don’t have any big insect or disease problems but watch out for common pests like spider mites and fungal diseases such as trunk rot.
The diameter of the trunk is up to 15–30 cm (6–12 in). It tolerates cold temperatures down to about 10 degrees Fahrenheit however, a young newly planted the Mediterranean palm will have a hard time growing during its first 1-3 years with temps below 10°. This is the only palm native to Europe and it is hardier than most palms. In the UK it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.. Also discussed are the many types of fan palm trees and reasons why fan palms should be part of every palm enthusiast's garden. The fronds are held on curved, short trunks. , This plant has been cultivated in China and Japan for thousands of years. The common name refers to Chusan Island (now Zhoushan Island), where Robert Fortune first saw cultivated specimens.
This palm can grow in states like Alabama, Arkansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Texas. In fact, in parts of Florida, the Chinese fan palm is considered an invasive species. It differs in rarely growing to more than 5 m (16 ft) tall, with leaflets less than 45 cm (18 in) long; the short stature and small leaves give it greater tolerance of wind exposure. Established European fan palms can survive temperatures to 10 degrees or even lower; the foliage may be damaged, but the trunk survives and re-leafs. The Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis) is a durable tree that derives its other common name (fountain palm) from the way the leaves spill down from the crown. European fan palm is a slow-growing, clumping palm that grows 8 to 15 feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide.
Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Average, medium-moisture, well-drained soil, East Asia; widely naturalized in many subtropical areas. , Trachycarpus fortunei is cultivated as a trunking palm in gardens and parks throughout the world in warm temperate and subtropical climates. New cuttings should be planted in a soil rich in organic matter. When choosing a planting location keep in mind that sharp teeth line the stem of each frond, so you may want to choose an area where pets and people wonât come into contact them. Like most palms, a Chinese fan palm growing in a container doesn’t need to be repotted often, since growing in a pot greatly slows its growth. It’s a good idea to remove the palm’s dead leaves at the bottom of the crown about once a year. Each leaf is 140–190 cm (55–75 in) long, with the petiole 60–100 cm (24–39 in) long, and the leaflets up to 90 cm (35 in) long. European fan palm, sometimes called Mediterranean fan palm, also works well when grown in containers or clustered in the landscape. The Chinese fan palm is closely related to other Asian fan palms, such as Livistona carinensis and the Australia red cabbage palm (Livistona mariae), but many of its relatives are very rare. The cultivar group Trachycarpus fortunei 'Wagnerianus' is a small-leafed semi-dwarf variant of the species selected in cultivation in China and Japan. The leaves of the Chinese fan palm grow in circular, segmented fans with spines that gradually disappear as the trees mature.  It has often been treated as a separate species T. wagnerianus in popular works, but is now included within T. Mexican fan palm matures potentially to heights twice that of a mature windmill palm, as well as at a faster growth rate. Whether you are gifted with a green thumb or not, our guide will help you grow the perfect houseplants. Chinese fan palms will grow well in almost any average soil that receives a modest amount of moisture. As it matures, it will become an upright tree with a thick trunk, ideal for a specimen tree in the landscape.
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