Antlers from a white-tailed deer. Despite declines, mule deer are still present in all 33 counties in New Mexico. Desert mule deer are usually lighter or paler than Rocky Mountain mule deer. Game Management Unit 21B Maps for GMU 21B BLM Maps: Deming Quad, Hatch Quad, Las Cruces Quad, San Mateo Mountains Quad, and Truth or Consequences Quad. Most fawns are weaned by October or November, after which they are dependent on their competitive ability to obtain adequate nutrition. Because of their need for high-quality foods, deer are always on the move while feeding. No permanent bond is formed between bucks and does. Ideal range of mule deer provides both food and cover, with shrublands and woodlands providing the best habitat because they provide both food and cover. New Mexico GMU 21B North, Hunting Unit Map: Map Size: 36" x 48" Price: $34.95: If you're looking for a more detailed map or aerial photo of a portion of this GMU you can also build a custom map for New Mexico GMU 21B North. 2007. Fort Collins: U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Because of population declines, harvests of mule deer have also declined; deer harvests (mostly mule deer), estimated to be as high as 55,000 in 1960, declined to <10,000 in 2013. The dark brown scat of mule deer is usually found in clumps. The dropping of antlers occurs when the length of daylight decreases, triggering glandular reactions that control the production of testosterone, insulin-like growth factor-1, and other hormones. At about three weeks of age, the fawns begin sampling solid foods, and shortly thereafter they begin to accompany the doe almost constantly.
Las Cruces: New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service. Fawns get up on their feet only hours after birth, but they are rather unsteady and very susceptible to predation. Figure 3. Hunting is the main source of mortality for adult bucks, and control of hunting seasons is used to manage mule deer populations in New Mexico. In general, mule deer have been declining in numbers in New Mexico since populations peaked around the 1960s, similar to declines seen throughout the West (Heffelfinger and Messmer, 2003). When reswallowed, it passes through the other chambers of the stomach and on through the digestive system. Cooperative Extension programs, the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies Mule Deer Working Group (www.muledeerworkinggroup.com), and State Wildlife Agencies all have publications and other information available on increasing the quality of deer habitat. When a deer browses, a characteristic stub remains (Figure 5). They take a bite and move on, spending little time in one spot, selecting the best foods that are available. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71, 1118—1124. 2007.
To find more resources for your business, home, or family, visit the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences on the World Wide Web at aces.nmsu.edu. Factors influencing survival of desert mule deer in the greater San Andres Mountains, New Mexico. Condition, survival, and productivity of mule deer in semiarid grassland-woodland in east-central New Mexico. Malnutrition is the most common cause of death (excluding hunting) in studied mule deer populations in New Mexico. Normally, a doe has one fawn the first time she gives birth. Figure 5. When they eat, the food is swallowed with a minimum amount of chewing. Lomas, L.A., and L.C. The locations, date, and length of seasons are used to control hunter numbers and densities; this in turn controls harvest to some extent. Condition, survival, and cause-specific mortality of mule deer in northcentral New Mexico.
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